“We live in a scientific age; yet we assume that knowledge of science is the prerogative of only a small number of human beings, isolated and priest-like in their laboratories. This is not true. The materials of science are the materials of life itself. Science is part of the reality of living; it is the what, the how, and the why of everything in our experience. It is impossible to understand man without understanding his environment and the forces that have molded him physically and mentally. The aim of science is to discover and illuminate truth. And that, I take it, is the aim of literature, whether biography or history or fiction. It seems to me, then, that there can be no separate literature of science. My own guiding purpose was to portray the subject of my sea profile with fidelity and understanding. All else was secondary. I did not stop to consider whether I was doing it scientifically or poetically; I was writing as the subject demanded. The winds, the sea, and the moving tides are what they are. If there is wonder and beauty and majesty in them, science will discover these qualities. If they are not there, science cannot create them. If there is poetry in my book about the sea, it is not because I deliberately put it there, but because no one could write truthfully about the sea and leave out the poetry.”
– Rachel Carson during her acceptance speech of the Non fiction award at the National Book Award 1952
Rachel Carson’s second book in the sea trilogy; “The Sea Around Us” is a classic work published in 1951. Described as one of the most successful books written about the natural world, this is a poetic narrative about the life history of the oceans. The Gray Beginnings shares with us the shadowy, primeval beginnings of the Earth and its early environment, exploring the geological theories as well as the evolutionary milestones throughout the history of life. The Pattern of the Surface starts off at the surface waters of the oceans and wonderful world of the plankton- wandering through the interlocking food webs and seas of the world. The Changing Year poetically talks about the changing realm of the sea; the response of marine life through day and night; seasons; and years.The Sunless Sea is about the history of deep sea exploration and Hidden Lands discusses early hydrographic surveying to chart the depths of the continental shelf. The Long Snowfall details the phenomenon of marine snow and Globigerina oozes. The Birth of an Island and The Shape of the Ancient seas ends the Part One entitled Mother Sea.
The Restless Sea begins with Wind and Water a poetic narrative about the life history of the waves and coastal seas, leads on to Wind, Sun, and the Spinning of the Earth; about ocean currents and their oceanographic discovery. The Moving Tides looks at the tidal rythms and the intertidal creatures. Part Three about Man and the sea about him starts off with The Global Thermostat looks at the close relationship between climate and the pattern of ocean circulation. Wealth from the Salt Seas looks at the minerals in seawater and The Encircling Sea starts off with a quote from Homer and the Ancient Greek view of the ocean. With an Afterword updating some of the science by marine biologist Jeffrey Levinton, this book is an imaginative and sensitively emotional account of the sea around us. An absolute joy to read!
We are pleased to announce that a screening of “Maerl: A Rare Seabed Habitat” will take place at the Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway on Wednesday 14th October at 7pm. This event has been organised by the NUIG Zoological Society. All welcome to attend!
This week I attended the Estuarine and Coastal Science Association conference- ECSA55 in the Docklands, London. The theme of the conference was “Unbounded boundaries and shifting baselines”- a theme relevant to the changing seas of modern times. The plenary sessions were all very interesting and covered different perspectives to coastal sciences and management. As discussed in the maerl documentary, maerl beds will disappear from their northern range, with kelp disappearing from their southern range. More technical sessions on hydrodynamic- sediment transport modelling ran alongside scientific sessions and a diverse range of disciplines were represented. Having visited the Coral Reefs exhibition at the Natural History Museum in the same visit, the session on the Great Barrier Reef was especially interesting. The water quality at the Great Barrier Reef over the last decade is a major threat to the ecosystem. I have been working on a paper about for submission to the Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science journal and the early career workshop by Elsevier on publishing in scientific jorunals was very useful. Delegates came from all around the world and the most enjoyable conference dinner was aboard the Elizabethan on the River Thames! The river cruise went from Tower Bridge to Westminister to Greenwich and back to Tower Pier. I was pleased to see friends and collegues from my undergraduate and masters days and meet new ones as well! Here are some of the collection of tweet scientific highlights from the conference.
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“Mapping the Deep” is a book which draws you in to the realm of the deep sea – far from shore. Imagine looking out of the window into a sky filled with the sea, we are taken into the world of the abyss. The author describes the book as a portrait of our understanding of the sea- with its distinct focus on the distant and the unfamiliar making it such a pleasure to discover. Laurence Madin of WHOI describes this popular science book as “The best account of discovery in oceanography I’ve ever read” and the chapters which follow are just as inspiring to read.
Space and the Ocean narrates the meeting of oxygen to hydrogen and the story of Albert Cheung, the graduate student who first observed water in space. The birth of the solar system and the possible role comets played in bringing water and organic matter onto the Earth are discussed to explain the origins the earth and its ocean basins. Then we start of on a wonderful narrative about the history of early bathymetric mapping and charting in Sounding the depths – from Charles Bonneycastle to the Challenger Expeditions to Atlantis. Introducing marine geologists Marie Tharp and Bruce Heezen’s discovery of the V-shaped notch at the top of The Rift in the Atlantic and Hess’s concept of seafloor spreading; the chapter leads to a paradigm shift in earth science to the theory of plate tectonics. Their first bathymetric map of the ocean and its geological features are described in A Map of the World. Turbidity currents and their extraordinary impact on the abyss and the early remote sensing satellites prior to the advent of sonar lead to Sandwell and Smith’s famous map of the oceans.The Seafloor at Birth goes on to discuss the history of multibeam sonar and the mapping of the US Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and the quest to understand the birth of the seafloor. Read the rest of this entry
The Galway aquarium was celebrating World Ocean’s Day weekend so I wrote a poem for World Ocean’s Day, inspired by the Marlisco marine litter course:
A Plastic Poem
As the ocean glistened in the Sun’s ray
I took a walk to along the coast of Galway Bay
As I began my journey into the deep blue
I started to wonder what we should do
Give up one use plastics- now that’s a start
Reduce marine litter and debris- though it is quite hard;
But think of the fulmars, the gulls entangled
Seals and turtles- all could get strangled
In seas of garbage – bags, bottles and balloons
From estuaries, the deep sea to lagoons
Mistaken for food by whales, dolphins and birds
Ending up in stomachs and entire food webs
Bio-degradation- it takes a lot of time
Instead recycle our rubbish – yes it’s sublime
Pesticides and sewage straight to our beaches
Eutrophication– even in the far reaches
Chemicals end up in microplastics from lotions and scrubs
Instead use alternatives such as the orange rind rub
Leaks and spills end up in ocean currents
Let’s talk to our politicians about industrial pollution
Reduce marine litter in the world’s oceans
Today let’s make it a world ocean’s day resolution
Take part in the Better Bag Challenge: The World Oceans day organisers are also encouraging people to sign up for the Better Bag Challenge, where you can commit to use reusable bags instead of disposable for a whole year! Please sign up here!
Happy world oceans day!
Marine Science Book Club: For a while I have had this idea to start doing a marine science book club as part of this blog. Inspiration came from our local book shop in Galway and I am a member of the Travel Writing book club. Over the break, I was visiting my family and ended up visiting Waterstones quite a lot! So I had a big pile of popular science books waiting to be read- some of which I have read, some I haven’t. However after attending Charlie Byrne’s travel writing book club I thought, every two months we can look at a popular marine science book and read it and then report back thoughts on this blog.
Here are some books I was considering. I thought if there is sufficient interest we could start with: “What has nature ever done for us?” by UK Sustainability adviser and former director of of Friends of the Earth, Tony Juniper. Recently he gave a series of lectures in Ireland and his book examines the value of nature- both ecologically and economically. The book discusses everything from the decline of vultures in India to coccolithophores and ocean acidification. Tony Juniper recently gave a talk at the Ryan Institute. Suggestions are Welcome!
A Recommendations of some other ideas are dotted around on this blog including: